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Архив выпусков

Выпуск 3 (59), 2020


Локальные градостроительные образования как основа реорганизации региональных систем расселения: предпосылки разработки методологии


Юшкова Н. Г.


Юшкова Н. Г., канд. архитектуры, доц. кафедры экологического строительства и городского хозяйства, докторант кафедры градостроительства, советник РААСН, Волгоградский государственный технический университет; Национальный исследовательский Московский государственный строительный университет, Россия, г. Москва, тел.: +7-917-837-12-70, e-mail: ymanul@gmail.com

 
 
Постановка задачи. Новые тенденции в градостроительстве ХХI в. отражают влияние научно-технического прогресса и развития общественных отношений. В территориальных системах расселения отмечается выраженная динамика градостроительных процессов, их региональная идентичность, неоднородность и локальность размещения в пространстве. Без должной методологии сохранение сложившегося структурно-функционального порядка становится проблематичным. Установление особенностей и закономерностей развития территориальных систем как основа их реорганизации требует систематизации новейшего градостроительного опыта. 
Результаты. Выявлено наличие особой группы объектов – локальных градостроительных образований, обоснованы их характерные признаки, предопределяющие построение типологии. На основе дифференциации способов их взаимодействия с территориальными системами сформулированы основные положения методологии градостроительного планирования. 
Выводы. Признаки, свойства и характеристики локальных градостроительных образований определяют динамику территориальных систем. Их учет при обосновании градостроительных решений позволяет реализовать одновременно требования устойчивости и инноватизации, что способствует формированию в территориальных системах новых элементов и связей, обусловливает процесс градостроительной эволюции и содействует повышению комфортности среды жизнедеятельности.
 
Ключевые слова: локальные градостроительные образования, территориальные системы расселения, динамика, эволюция, технология.


DOI: 10.36622/VSTU.2020.59.3.008

 

Библиографический список

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32. Yigitcanlar, T. Rethinking sustainable urban development: towards and integrated planning and development process / T. Yigitcanlar, S. Teriman // Int J Environ Sci Tech. – 2014. – P. 1-12.
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Ссылка для цитирования

Юшкова, Н. Г.  Локальные градостроительные образования как основа реорганизации региональных систем расселения: предпосылки разработки методологии / Н. Г. Юшкова // Научный журнал строительства и архитектуры. - 2020. - № 3 (59). - С. 85-98. - DOI: 10.36622/VSTU.2020.59.3.008.

 
 
 
 

English version 

 

Local Urban Education as a Foundation for Reorganization of Regional Settlement Systems: Precursors for Methodology Development

Yushkova N. G.
 
 
Yushkova N. G., PhD in Architecture, Asoss. Prof., Adviser of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, Volgograd State Technical University, Russia, Volgograd; National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Russia, Moscow, tel.: +7-917-837-12-70, e-mail: ymanul@gmail.com

 
Statement of the problem. New trends in urban planning of the 21st century are indicative of the influence of scientific and technological progress and the development of social relations. In the territorial systems of settlement, there is a distinct dynamics of urban planning processes, their regional identity, heterogeneity and locality of location in space. Without the proper methodology, the preservation of the existing structural and functional order becomes an issue. Identifying the features and patterns of development of territorial systems as the basis for their reorganization requires systematization of the latest urban planning experience. 
Results. A special group of objects was identified - local urban formations, their characteristic features were substantiated that predetermine the construction of a typology. Based on the differentiation of the ways of their interaction with territorial systems, the major provisions of the methodology of urban planning are formulated. 
Conclusions. Signs, properties and characteristics of local urban formations are central to the dynamics of territorial systems. Taking them into consideration while justifying urban planning decisions allows one to simultaneously implement the requirements of sustainability and innovation, which contributes to the emergence of new elements and connections in territorial systems as well as determines the process of urban planning evolution and contributes to an increase in the comfort of the living environment. 
 
Keywords: local town-planning formations, territorial settlement systems, dynamics, evolution, technology. 


DOI: 10.36622/VSTU.2020.59.3.008

References

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3. Dontsov, D. G. A New Spatial Strategy Approach in Russian Regions: From the Reflexing Planning Solutions to Territorial Integration Conception / D. Dontsov, N. G. Yushkova, E. G. Gushchina // IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering. – 2018. – № 463, 032055. 
4. Dontsov, D. G. Principles of sustainable development of the territoryand priorities of architectural and urban construction activity / D. G. Dontsov, N. G. Yushkova // AIP Conference Proceedings. – 2017. – Vol. 1800, 50011. 
5. Economic clusters in coastal areas of the European part of Russia: Typological invariance and specifics of localization / A. G. Druzhinin, V. V. Gorochnya, A. S. Mikhaylov [et al.] // Espacio. – 2017. – Vol. 38 (59), № 5. 
6. Graboviy, P. Reconstruction and modernization of industrial parks / P. Graboviy // E3S Web of Conferences. – 2019. – Vol. 91, 08028. 
7. Gushchina, E. Providing of Social Functions in Regional Systems: Institutional Designing or Local Positioning / E. Gushchina, N. Yushkova, D. Dontsov // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. – 2019. – Vo. l 272. 
8. Jabareen, Y R. Sustainable Urban Forms: Their Typologies, Models and Concepts. J. Plan. Educ. Res. / Y R Jabareen // J. of Planning Education and Research. – 2006. – № 26. – P. 38–52. 
9. Hall Peter Urban and Regional Planning / Hall Peter. - London: Routledge, 2002. – P. 196–202. 
10. Huang, J. A global comparative analysis of urban form: Applying spatial metrics and remote sensing / J. Huang, X. X. Lu, J. M. Sellers // Landscape and Urban Planning. – 2007. – № 82 (4). – P. 184–197. 
11. Kline, P. Local economic development, agglomeration economies, and the big push: 100 years of evidence from the Tennessee valley authority / P. Kline, E. Moretti // Quarterly Journal of Economics. – 2014. – № 129 (1) – P. 275–331. 
12. A new wave in basic research on Russia's spatial development Regional Research of Russia / V. M. Kotlyakov, A. I. Treivish, A. N. Shvetsov [et al.] // Regional Research of Russia. -2013. - № 3 (2). - P. 113-122. 
13. Lehmann, Von Hanns. Städtebau und Gebietsplanung / Von Hanns Lehmann // Über die räumlichen Aufgaben der Planung in Siedlung und Wïrtschaft. – Berlin: Verl. Technik, 1955. - P. 9-45. 
14. Leksin, V. N. About methodology of research and regulation of territorial development processes / V. N. Leksin // Region: Economics and Sociology. - 2009. - № 3. – P. 19-40. 
15. Margalit, H. Energy, Cities and Sustainability: An Historical Approach / H. Margalit. - University of New South Wales, Australia, 2016 - 196 p 
16. Subsidence map of underground mining influence for urban planning: An example from the Czech Republic / M. Marschalko, I. Yilmaz, M. Bednárik [et al.] // Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology. – 2012. - № 45 (2). - P. 231-241. 
17. Merlin, Pierre. Les Villes Nouvelles / Merlin Pierre // Urbanisme Regional Et Am'enagement. - Paris, 1969. - P. 227–245. 
18. Naisbitt, J. Megatrends: Ten new directions transforming our lives / J. Naisbitt. - New York, 1982. 
19. Namangaya, A. H. Urban spatial planning and local economic development: comparative assessment of practice in Tanzanian Cities / A. H. Namangaya // International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology. – 2014. - № 4 (6). – P. 20-31. 
20. Perroux, F. A new concept of development: Basic tenets / F. Perroux. - London, Canberra, 1983. - P. 82–98. 
21. Pezzey, J. Sustainable Development Concepts / J. Pezzey. - World Bank, Washington, 1989. - P. 10–16. 
22. Rodionova, I. Cluster Policy in the Russian Federation: A Case Study of Industrial Clusters / I. Rodionova, T. Krejdenko, C. Madry // Quaestiones Geographicae. – 2018. - № 37 (2). – P. 61-75. 
23. Silva, C. N. Research methods for urban planning in the digital age / C. N. Silva // Online Research Methods in Urban and Planning Studies: Design and Outcomes. - 2012. - № 1-16. 
24. Shvetsov, A. N. Destructive stereotypes of Russian strategic planning and their possible consequences for the practice of regional strategy (part 1)) / A. N. Shvetsov, A. N. Demyanenko, V. N. Ukrainskiy // Regionalistics. - 2016. - № 3 (3). – P. 48-60. 
25. Smolyar, I. Urban construction planning as a system: forecasting – programming – designing / I. Smolyar. – Moskva: Ehditorial URSS.2001. - P. 18–47. 
26. Telichenko, V. I. Evaluation of Russia’s innovation activity levels in construction Evaluation of Russia’s innovation activity levels in construction / V. I. Telichenko, A. A. Benuzh // Civil Engineering and Urban Planning: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Civil Engineering and Urban Planning, CEUP, 2015 (2016). - P. 677-680. 
27. Vladimirov, V. Management of urban construction and territory development / V. Vladimirov. - Moscow, 2000. - P. 57–88. 
28. Vlasov, D. Scientific and methodological basis of development of the park-and-ride facilities in the intermodal transport hubs of Moscow agglomeration / D. Vlasov, N. Danilina // Advanced Materials Research. - 2014. - Vol. 869-870. - P. 201-204 
29. Yenin, A. E. System approach in urban planning. History. General foundations / A. E. Yenin, A. V. Liventceva // Russian journal of building construction and architecture. – 2017. - № 1(33). – P. 91-101. 
30. Yenin, A. System analysis and experimental verification of the adopted urban planning solutions / A. Yenin // Global scientific capacity. - 2011. - № 9. – P. 36-40. 
31. Infrastructure Priorities and Regulations of Spatial Development of Regional Systems / N. G. Yushkova, E. G. Gushchina, Yu. V. Gaponenko [et al.] // Future Academ. - (2018). - Vol. LIX. – P. 474-483. 
32. Yigitcanlar, T. Rethinking sustainable urban development: towards and integrated planning and development process / T. Yigitcanlar, S. Teriman // Int J Environ Sci Tech. – 2014. – P. 1-12. 
33. Yushkova, N. G. Spatial Location of Regional Resources within the Strategic Drift of Globalization: Problems, Tendencies, Procedures / N. G. Yushkova, E. G. Gushchina, A. V. Shokhneh // SHS Web of Conferences. – 2019. – Vol.62, 02004. 
34. Zagler, M. Services, Innovation and the New Economy / M. Zagler // Structural Change and Economic, Elsevier. – 2002. - № 13 (3). – P. 337-355. 



 
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